Piety VS Impiety (Euthyphro & Socrates) Essay examples

1050 Words Nov 7th, 2013 5 Pages
What is piety and impiety? This broad question is exactly what Euthyphro and Socrates debate about the true meaning of these two words. When society hears the word piety, they think of worship for God or religious fulfillment of sacred obligations. However, when Socrates attends the king's court on charges of impiety by Meletus, he encounters Euthyphro there who is going to prosecute his own father for accidentally killing one of his workers. Even though Socrates feels that Euthyphro has courage for prosecuting his own father on a charge that can be seen as disputable, Euthyphro mentions that he still knows everything about the true meaning of being holy. At this point, Socrates exhorts Euthyphro to teach him what holiness is and help his …show more content…
To fight back, Euthyphro argues against this criticism that one who kills without justification should be punished. Socrates says that yes it is true; however the same action could still be both pious and impious so once again his statement does not satisfy Socrates argument about a true definition of the words. A third attempt was given by Euthyphro to satisfy Socrates need for the definition of piety. "The pious is what all the gods love, and the opposite, what all the gods hate, is impious." Once again, Socrates does not find this to be a fit definition for the word and feels it resembles the second definition too much. Now, Socrates finds it important to mention the Euthyphro dilemma by asking him the conflicting question, "Is pious loved by the gods because it is pious? Or is it pious because it is loved by the gods?" He tries to get a more accurate answer by asking this to Euthyphro. Socrates continues to argue and says that what is pious or impious to one god might not be for other gods. He also argues

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