Comparing Piaget And Vygotsky's Cognitive Development

Cognitive development is the formation of a thinking process, it includes particularly identification, recall, solve difficulties, problems, and to make decisions from childhood and adulthood (Ghazi, Khan, Shahzada, & Ullah, 2014). Two psychologist, Piaget and Vygotsky, had the most influence on how children learn. Both of them viewed knowledge as something children construct based off of their own experiences. However, they both had totally different approaches and different viewpoints that highlighted different aspects of a child’s cognitive development. Piaget’s focus was mostly on the way a child acts upon an object in their atmosphere to build a model of the way the world works. He thought that the physical environment was the most important, and that the parents job was to make sure that the environment was stimulating. While Vygotsky focused more at the way children obtain knowledge through interactions with people, and the role that language plays. He …show more content…
Despite their different views Piaget and Vygotsky share similarities such as a dialectical approach, a non-reductionist view, and more of a focus on the qualitative change over quantitative changes. Both Piaget and Vygotsky share a dialectical approach, which means that psychological development involves a continuous interaction among functions like assimilation and accommodation in Piaget. Piaget and Vygotsky both also share a non-reductionist view of human consciousness and intelligence. They believe that human consciousness and intelligence are forms of organization and not reducible. They both also emphasize qualitative change over quantitative change, Vygotsky believed that mediated memory is a better form of memory. In Piaget’s view the appearance of formal operations after concrete operations is a qualitative change (Lourenço,

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