Physical Science Case Study

1669 Words 7 Pages

This case study report is to outline the process of planning an activity in science understanding physical science for a 5 year old child with the expectation of learning the concept of motion, inertia, force, velocity, acceleration and gravity by using balls, blocks and tubes. The report will also outline the pedagogy approach adopted by educators to ascertain that the child will engage in a physical science activity, which will improve the child’s skills of problem solving, critical thinking and reasoning in accordance to the Australian Curriculum and The Early Years Learning Framework for Australia expectation. Activity Design

(Appendix 1, pp. 7-12)


In this case study, the child is a 5 year old girl in a
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The role of the physical environment is an extension of the learning experience, which is essential to children’s learning. Hodgman (2012, p. 3) confirmed that the importance of the physical environment is essential to the children’s learning development; the environment needs to stimulate, challenge, be flexible and cater for the children’s interest, so that it spurs the children’s imagination, allowing them to scope, elaborate and go beyond the task at hand. Furthermore, the environment should encourage pro-social skills, tolerance for diversity and also the environment should inspire intrinsic motivation. Most theorists in pedagogy are adamant in stressing the importance of a suitable environment and are congruent to children learning, though they differ in style. Compare Steiner’s environment ideas that it should be of a natural feel, with natural light, sound, warm colours with soft corner to eliminate rigid appearances so that children are comfortable, happy and want to explore (Hodgman 2012, p. 4; Pound, 2006, p. 27). Whereas Montessori’s environment combine the indoors and outdoors space, furniture is downsizing including bathroom amenities to accommodate the children, and materials and equipment are placed for children’s easy access for intrinsic motivation carry out a task (Hodgman 2012, p. 4; Pound, 2006, p. 27). The environment created for the physical …show more content…
By using the different length of cardboard tubes are the results the same?
12. What have we learnt today?


The child embraced the physical science activity by exploring the equipment using her sense of touch and sight. Bringing prior knowledge of motion from her previous encounter of the bowling activity, the case study child demonstrated physical scientific understanding of the concept of motion through the activity of using balls, blocks and tube by explaining, interacting, asking questions and by her actions. The evidence that the case study child has learnt the concept of motion is when she drew a diagram of her learning (refer to Appendix 4 pp. 19-20).


Concluding the case study of the activity of physical science ‘Motion in Action’ the environment for the activity allowed the child freedom of movement to use the equipment provided. The equipment used was age appropriate and sufficient amount to encourage investigation. In future if this activity is used, a stopwatch could be added to facilitate the child’s data collecting and learning. Children learn science from a very young age as they are very inquisitive always asking question about how thing work in the world. Children accumulate learning through exploring and interaction. They need time to explore the activity and guidance from educators who take the right approach to

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