Photo Manipulation: Where Should We Draw the Line? Essay
Is the subtle alterations to color balance or contrast considered photo manipulation?” …show more content…
Photo manipulation by definition is to edit a photo to create an illusion or deception. Therefore, photo manipulation is much more than just subtle alterations to color balance, contrast, or white balance. It may include changing a head onto a different body, removing people or things completely from an image, or changing a sign’s text. Today’s photo editing software can apply effects to an image to change the entire resemblance of the photo (or photos if compositing).
The origins of photo manipulation go back to retouching with inks, paints, double exposures, stitching multiple photos/negatives together in the darkroom, and scratching Polaroids before the dawn of the computer and software such as Photoshop. The earliest manipulated photo that I know of at this time is from the 1860’s; a photo of Abraham Lincoln’s head stitched to the body of John C. Calhoun in a standing position. William J. Mitchell provides more historical detail in The Reconfigured Eye (1992):
After Lincoln was assassinated, new pictures of the