Personality Assessment Essays

1372 Words 6 Pages
S08 psychology of personality

This essay will provide information on the Thematic Apperception Test and the Millon Multiaxial Personality Test. It will be followed by a compare and contrast section on the two personality assessment instruments. The Thematic Apperception Test or TAT was first developed in 1935 by Henry Murray and Christiana Morgan at the Harvard Psychological Clinic. It is based in the psychodynamic theories of personality. The TAT is administered as part of a group of tests intended to evaluate personality. The TAT is a projective instrument intended to evaluate a person's patterns of thought, attitudes, observational capacity, and emotional responses to ambiguous test materials. In the case of the TAT, the
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Researchers using the TAT have indicated cultural, gender, race, and class issues must be taken into account when determining whether a specific response is "abnormal" or whether it is a normal response from a person in a particular group. This is one reason why the reliability and validity of this test is hotly debated. Additionally, correlational studies are quiet low for the TAT scoring system. The TAT is also used in assessments of candidates for employment in fields requiring a high degree of skill in dealing with other people and/or ability to cope with high levels of psychological stress. Jobs such as law enforcement, military leadership positions, religious ministry, education and diplomatic service. It is also administered to individuals who have already received a diagnosis in order to match them with the type of psychotherapy best suited to their personalities. The TAT is sometimes used for forensic purposes in evaluating the motivations and general attitudes of persons accused of violent crimes. The TAT can be given repeatedly to an individual as a way of measuring progress in psychotherapy or, in some cases, to help the therapist understand why the treatment seems to be stalled or blocked. In addition to its application in individual assessments, the TAT is frequently used for research into specific aspects of human personality, most often needs for achievement, fears of failure, hostility and aggression, and interpersonal object

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