Essay on Personality Assessment Inventory

1451 Words Apr 13th, 2008 6 Pages
Personality Assessment Inventory
Introduction
The Beck Depression Inventory is a testing tool which is used to evaluate the continuation and severity of the symptoms of depression, as recorded in the DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 2000). The test includes questions which asses the symptoms of serious depression, which may possibly call for hospitalization. The latest revised edition replaces the BDI and the BDI-1A, which includes items intending to indicate symptoms of severe depression, which may require hospitalization. Items include been distorted to specify increases or decreases in sleep and appetite. The most important purpose of the new version of the BDI was
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The term depressive symptoms or adolescents who are depressed are used in this study to designated a clinical level of depressive symptoms and refer to a score of 16 or higher on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck, 1978). Depressive symptoms are known to increase markedly between childhood and adolescence (Angold, 1988; Radloff, 1991; Rutter, 1986); however, results of studies examining an increase with age in depressive symptoms in both genders during adolescence are less consistent (Baron, 1993; Connelly, Johnston, Brown, Mackay, & Blackstock, 1993; Marcote, 1996). Whereas boys present a similar or even higher level of depression than girls prior to adolescence, an increase in depression among girls is evident during the teenage years, the ratio of depression between girls and boys being about 2 to 1 in this age group. Adolescents are defenseless to gender socialization demands since they are in the practice of developing gender role recognition. They will be inclined to accept stereotyped opportunity of their own, as well as of their peers’, actions. In this environment, girls turn out to be more prone to depression since their gender-related role is more depressogenic, while the male gender-typed characteristics, recognized as instrumental characteristics, act as a safeguard against depressive symptoms. A number of studies have supported the

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