In the field of Counselling and Psychotherapy there are many differing theories which are used to help those who seek counselling including Person Centred Therapy.
Person Centred Therapy has been described as one nation, many tribes by Pete Sanders. In many parts of the world Person-Centred Therapy (PCT) is seen as a family of therapies, including Experiential Psychotherapy and Focusing. Closely associated with PCT are Existential Therapy and various integrative approaches. Since Carl Rogers’ death, there has been much debate regarding what can and cannot rightly claim to be called ‘Person-Centred Therapy. ’Proponents of the differing Tribes argue for their schools of thought. (Warner 2006). At the heart of all the differing thoughts
…show more content…
‘The first condition specifies that a minimum relationship… must exist. I am hypothesizing that significant positive personality change does not occur except in a relationship (Rogers 1957). The relationship is not seen as a third object in the room with the counsellor and the client but is the client and the counsellor. They bring themselves into the room, and in doing so a unique and ever changing relationship is the result (Sanders 2006 a). Research into contact between animals and people who live in social groups has shown that in order to grow and become confident then it must be in a psychologically interactive way. Those who were deprived of such conditions like the children in the orphanages of Romania and the monkeys in Harlow’s experiments grew up with permanent behavioural and emotional problems. (Harlow 1959, Carlson 1999, Bowlby, 1953, Warner 2002). Rogers thought that psychological contact was an all or nothing one off event, but others like Rose Cameron (2003) and Whelton and Greenberg (2002) see psychological contact as a variable and dynamic quality in relationships, and Margaret Warner(2002:79) says that the ‘contact can be viewed as a continuum. Despite the differing views of the various “Tribes”, the one overriding view is that psychological contact is essential if the therapeutic process is going to work. It can be simply the mere recognition of the other person in the room or a deeply shared experience between the therapist and