Peripheral Vascular Disease And The Human Body Narrow Essay

1413 Words May 6th, 2016 6 Pages
Peripheral vascular disease is condition that applies when the arteries in the human body narrow, often away from the major heart or brain organs. When this occurs in these two vital organs, these conditions are known each as coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease, respectively. Peripheral vascular disease is often found to affect the legs. The common symptoms for this disease include pain along the leg while walking and even when found at rest. In the affected leg, the nails and the hair growth are often lacking and do not regenerate as they should normally. Skin ulcers, bluish skin and cold skin can be similarly found symptoms in patients with peripheral artery disease [1]. Should a complication arise in a patient with this disease, infections and tissue damage or death can require surgical amputation, sometimes instigate coronary artery disease, or induce stroke in these individuals; however, approximately 50% of the cases with peripheral vascular disease do not encounter any of the previously listed symptoms [2]. Peripheral vascular disease often stems from large risk factors comprised of cigarette smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol [3]. In 2010, there were approximately 202 million people affected by peripheral vascular disease [3]. In 2013, this disease resulted in approximately 41,000 deaths [4]. Entirely understanding this disease can allow biomedical engineers to develop a biomedical product or device to help prevent the…

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