Pan African Imperialism

768 Words 4 Pages
The decolonization and road to independence of African countries was prominent occurence from the 1940s onwards. Key factors in the process towards independence were aspects such as the drafting of the atlantic charter which stressed the importance of self- determination, as well as the rise of an educated group of leaders by the likes of Leopold Senghor and Robert Mugabe who were inspired by Pan African ideals and Marxism. The two leaders played different roles of significance within their movements as they both adopted different strategies and approaches to aid their movements.

Robert Mugabe first arrived on the political scene as a teacher in South Rhodesia where he wa was known for chairing the first 1960 National Democratic Party congress (NDP). Through the inspiration of Ghana's liberation movement and marxist ideology ,Mugabe took on the belief that conflict was necessary to overthrow the white minority rule as he began to inject the idea of adding emotionalism to African Nationalism as the NDP’s publicity secretary. This viewpoint to a large extent shaped the armed liberation Zimbabwe faced as another prominent leader in the struggle for nationalism, Nkomo opposed Mugabe in the belief that African nationalists must focus on international diplomacy and persuasive techniques in order to achieve their demands .

In 1960
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One of them was the emergence of Pan Africanism , a worldwide intellectual movement that aimed to encourage and strengthen bonds of solidarity between all people of African descent with the belief that unity is vital to economic, social, and political progress as well as to unify and uplift african people.This played a major role as pan african ideals formed groups like the Fifth Pan-african congress ,which housed many future african leaders as well as called for the colonisation around

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