Ot Theory: The Evolution Of Occupational Therapy

2272 Words 10 Pages
Register to read the introduction… Since OT is a health profession closely allied to medicine, there was a strong need to be acknowledge by the medical community as an effective medical service. Therefore, the attention within the paradigm shifted to function and dysfunction determining by inner mechanisms: musculoskeletal, neurological and psychological (Duncan, 2012). Consequently, occupational therapists toned down the use of meaningful occupation in order to achieve measurable functional goals which diverts the profession from its philosophy.
Contemporary paradigm.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the profession was strongly affected by the mechanistic paradigm resulting in professional identity crisis. Hence, Mary Reilly called for the profession to return to the focus on occupation. This led to the expansion of research as well as the development of new theories about occupation and its effect on health and well-being (Barker Schwartz, 2003) which influences practice, forming the contemporary paradigm.
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It introduces framework and strategies to guide occupational therapist to reach out to the communities and organizations to promote health and well-being. This requires occupational therapist to collaborate with other professions or organization with the notion of building healthier communities as it maximizes the collective effort to bring about changes (Nilsson & Townsend, 2010; Restall & Ripat, 2008). While working in collaboration with people and organizations, it provides opportunities for occupational therapist to assess the needs of the people in the community, thereby develop programs to address those occupational needs and advocate on their behalf. Through coalition and political advocacy, it increases policymakers understanding of the needs of the population, hence, may create a change at national level (Restall & Ripat, 2008; Restall et al., 2003). While advocating for the clients, it also increases the public understanding of the profession, hence, acknowledging the contribution made which support …show more content…
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