Oppositional Defiant Disorder : A Common Childhood And Adolescent Mental Health Disorder

770 Words Oct 26th, 2015 4 Pages
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is a common childhood and adolescent mental health disorder. It is estimated that between one to sixteen percent of children and adolescents have ODD. This disorder can appear as early as late preschool and, if not treated properly, can continue into adulthood as a more severe mental health disorder. Youth with ODD will likely create a major disturbance at home, school, or with peers through outbursts, hostility, defiance, and verbal aggression. While all of these symptoms are common for any child, especially among adolescents, these symptoms in an ODD child will be in an excessive, disruptive, ongoing pattern directed against authorities. ODD may also occur with other disorders such as ADHD and learning and language disorders.
Because behaviors that are a result of ODD are difficult to change, it is best to identify the disorder and begin treatment as soon as possible. Treatment may help the child overcome ODD and prevent more serious mental health concerns. Treatment usually involves behavioral therapy, parent training, and family therapy. Through therapies, the child or adolescent will learn techniques to manage anger and stressful situations, and parents will learn disciplining techniques. It should be noted that therapies using coercion usually increase aggressive behavior. Medication may also be used, although it can never be used as a sole treatment for ODD.
Around preschool age, the child begins developing autonomy. As the child…

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