Observant, Nonaggressive Temperament Predicts Theory Of Mind Development

1586 Words Nov 30th, 2016 7 Pages
Summary The paper “Observant, nonaggressive temperament predicts theory-of-mind development” by Wellman, Lane, LaBounty, and Olson (2011) reports on their longitudinal study, that was run to test the connections between a child’s temperament and their development of a theory-of-mind. Temperament is a multi-layer concept that influence a child’s personality, which influences how they interact with the world. The way that children interact with society and the way society interacts with the child directly shapes their development of theory-of-mind. Temperament has a large genetic component that allows it to be studied from an evolutionary standpoint, meaning that certain traits that serve an adaptive purpose shape aspects of the species overtime. Recent studies about the domestication of dogs inspired the researchers to look at how temperament, though evolutionary processes, shaped the origins of theory of mind. Recent studies show that dogs have a few basic traits of an early developed theory-of-mind. Temperament was the key characteristics manipulated in the domestication of dogs, and with the findings that dogs have a basic theory-of-mind shows the potential connection that temperament has shaped the origin of theory-of-mind. The researchers set out to investigate the connection between individual elements of a child’s temperament and their later development of theory-of-mind. Theory-of-mind is a widely studied aspect of development, that describes the understanding of how…

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