Nutrition And Diet : The Health Of Every Individual Irrespective Of Their Age

1176 Words Oct 10th, 2016 5 Pages
Nutrition and diet
Nutrition is important to the health of every individual irrespective of their age. The Mediterranean diet has been examined in many studies, particularly those with a specialised focus on cognition or diabetes. The diet consists of a high intake of vegetables, legumes, fruits, cereals, fish and unsaturated fatty acids; low intake of saturated fatty acids, meat and poultry; low to moderate intake of dairy products; and regular but moderate amounts of alcohol (mostly wine and generally with meals).[42] The AIBL study suggests that lower adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD.[42] Additionally, women who primarily followed this way of eating had lower risk of developing depressive symptoms three years later, according to findings from the ALSWH.[43] Overall, Mediterranean diet adherence has been linked to positive outcomes in physical and mental health.
The possible association between diet and diabetes was examined in some of the more focused longitudinal studies. The Australian Diabetes Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab) found a relationship between increased total dairy food intake and reduced risk of diabetes among men.[44] The large MCCS also suggested possible reduced risk of type 2 diabetes in individuals who avoided a dietary pattern consisting of meats and fried or fatty foods, and included a variety of vegetables in their meals.[45] The same study also found an association between frequent…

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