Nursing Theory in Professional Practice Essay

1275 Words Feb 27th, 2011 6 Pages
Nursing Theory in Professional Practice

Nursing Theory in Professional Practice
Nursing is the art and science of caring for individuals with potential or actual health problems. Nursing is the art of providing quality, compassionate care while evaluating the patients’ biopsychosocial and spiritual needs. Nursing as a science evaluates the patients’ health and response to disease. Nurses assist individuals and groups to maintain or attain optimal health. They implement care to accomplish defined goals and evaluate responses to care and treatment. This care is delivered in accordance with the standards of nursing practice. Nursing is dynamic, evolving from changes in health care, and advances in medical science and technology.
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Environment includes internal and external conditions that influence the development of people. Environment includes factors such as physical, chemical, social, and cultural factors that may influence the state of health. A person’s social environment includes family, community, church, and place of work, as well as the roles of each. The nurse must examine what kind of impact the individual’s environment has on his/her state of health.
The second value is the belief that each person has worth and dignity. This is based on the Judeo-Christian philosophy that human life is sacred and each individual has a unique worth. Nurses work with people, which is the primary area of activity and influence. Nurses examine people in relationship to physiological, spiritual, sociological, and psychological needs. Humans experience different responses to birth, health, illness, and death. People have dignity, worth, and respect and have the capacity to care for others. People include the learner, individuals, families, groups, and communities. Nurses in all practice areas and in all aspects work with all types of people. This includes people of any age, sex, culture, educational level, economic status, or religion. A person’s values are highly influenced by the culture in which they were brought up. Nurses must always respect patients’ cultural beliefs such as Jehovah’s Witnesses, who do not believe in

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