Nursing Theory in Practice Essay

1089 Words Mar 29th, 2013 5 Pages
Nursing Theory In Practice
Chamberlain College of Nursing
NR 501: Theoretical Basis of Advance Practice
September 25, 2011

Introduction Imogene King was the developer of both a Conceptual Framework and a Goal Attainment theory. The Goal Attainment theory is a middle-range theory that originated from the Conceptual System. The primary concepts of Goal Attainment theory are perception, communication, interaction, self role, grow and development, stress, and time and space (Frey, Sieloff & Norris, 2002). The main point of Goal Attainment theory is that the nurse and the patient work together to define and reach goals that they set together (Killeen & King, 2007). This process is done mostly through communication,
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McEwen and Wills (2011) states that communication is a process by which information is given from one person to another either directly in face-to-face meeting or indirectly” (p. 163). Nurses use communication skills on daily basis to gather information; encourage; facilitate patient expression, harness attitudes, views and opinions; encourage critical thinking; reduce anxiety; facilitate liaison with other disciplines; and promote continuity in patient care (Hamilton, 2007). Good communication is necessary to effective nursing care; therefore, allowing nurses to provide a personal touch and building trust with their patients. Through the concept of communication, nurses are able to reduce the risk of errors that breakdown communication lines and delay attainment of goals. Application Of Communication Into The Nursing Practice Everyday we are reminded of the different types of communication whether it be through direct face to face, email, telephone, text messaging, video conference, or hand written letter, they all are trying to achieve a mutual goal of processing information between two people. King (1981) encouraged “nurse to be aware of how they present themselves to their patients because the manner in which nurses enter a patient’s room sets the tone for the entire encounter” (p.28). Poor communication skills lead to poor interaction between the nurse and the patient. The use of poor communication can

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