Nursing Theories and Their Importance in Nursing Essay

1836 Words Feb 11th, 2015 8 Pages
Nursing theories and their importance in nursing
Jennifer J. Wilson
Chamberlain College of Nursing
NR 501: Theoretical Basis for Advanced Nursing
Instructor Berens
1/12/15

Nursing Theory is often defined as,” an organized framework of concepts and purposes designed to guide the practice of nursing” (Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing, 2012). Nursing theories can help patients, managers and other healthcare professionals to recognize what and how much that nurses do contribute to the healthcare field. I never did realize how important theories in nursing practice could be until I became a nursing student myself. Nurses use theories in their everyday practice, but never think about them as being responsible
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Nightingale not only emphasized the concept of care in her work and writing; she also emphasized health and the proper use of environmental resources. She introduced how the environment could have effects on the patients’ health and ways it could be improved. She identified five environmental factors: fresh air, pure water, efficient drainage, cleanliness/sanitation and light/ direct sunlight. She felt that not having these five factors would produce illness or lack of health, but with a nurturing environment, the body could repair itself. Nightingale’s theory has made a difference in healthcare over the years and still has an impact on healthcare today.
Views of Nursing Theory on a Specialization
The patient is at the center of the Nightingale model, which shows a holistic view of the person as someone with psychological, intellectual, and spiritual components. This is evidenced by her acknowledgment of the importance of variety. For example, she wrote of “the degree . . . to which the nerves of the sick suffer from seeing the same walls, the same ceiling, the same surroundings” (Nightingale, 1860). A nurse was defined as any woman who had “charge of the personal health of somebody” whether well, as in caring for babies and children, or sick, as an “invalid” (Nightingale, 1860). Above all, nursing was “service to God in relief of man”; it was a “calling” and “God’s work” (Bostridge, 2008). All nursing actions were guided by the nurses’ caring,

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