Ethics In Public Policy

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A reformist change of the notion of public administration makes the notion of ethics more complicated. Due to find a conflict between the New Public management and ethics, this essay will firstly consider the notion of ethics in public policy. After that, it will argue about the notion of New Public Management, and then it will explain how the new trend is challenging the notion of ethics in public policy.

AN UNDERSTANDING OF ETHICS

Linguistically, the word of ethics is derived from a Greece word ‘ethos’ and in English it means ‘character’ or ‘custom’. It includes two separate understandings of ‘character’ and ‘custom’ simultaneously (Preston 2014, p.p. 16). However, according to an English language science, the meaning of ‘ethics’ is understood
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470). From this definition it can be clearly seen that the existence of the notion of ethics in the public policy system covers two essential understandings. The first understanding is the subjects of ethics that …show more content…
For example, Judaeo-Christian heritage and in Islam religions preached the practical expression of faith (Preston 2014, p.p. 23). There are many kinds of theories related to the notion of ethics. The first theory is Consequentialism. It is about evaluating some one based on their actions or behavioural outcome, so scientists say that this approach is ‘forward looking’ approach. One of sub theories of Consequentialism is utilitarianism, which is mainly about pleasure and pain. According to them, people should maximise their pleasure rather than pain. The next theory is deontological ethics - the ‘backward-looking’ or ‘present-looking’ approach. Deontologists claim that while making decisions or doing actions, people always should make the right ethical choice, no matter, the consequences will be right or wrong. For example, keeping their promise to do something is ethical behaviour. The last main theory is virtue ethics. According to them naturally moral people can always act morally whether they have enough time for making decision or not, their response always be moral (Grace and Cohen 1995). However, Rabin (2003) considered deontological and teleological theories that can root the notion of ethics in public policy. According to Rabin, deontological theory in the notion of ethics in public policy can be understood as the

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