New Imperialism And The Suez Canal
Because shipping companies saved time and money the canal shortcut, they could invest their resources in new technology (i.e. steamships). Great Britain benefited greatly because trade with Asia was more convenient. France also reaped benefits from the canal, but not at the same extent as Great Britain. The Suez Canal provided for British innovation and occupation of Egypt. Egypt, which paid for most of the construction and labor, was taken advantage of.
2. What were some of the political, economical and cultural motives of “New Imperialism”? Give specific …show more content…
The first, cultural, was manly driven with Christian incentives. The Europeans and Americans wanted to convert the heathens into Christians. They also thought it was their duty to introduce “civilized” behavior to the people. This included abolishing slavery, bringing modern medicine, education, hygiene, and monogamy to all of humanity. The Westerners believed that introducing these modern elements of life, the non-Westerners could lead better lives and reach the same cultural level. The second motive, political, was also an important driving force for the American and Europeans. The countries all wanted to assert their dominance and power, and one way of doing this was by colonizing as much land as they could. When one country built up a huge colony, another country would feel threatened and do the same thing. A “balance of power” was trying to be achieved. There were many rivalries, even between governors, which …show more content…
They were perfecting the steamboat, so they could travel between places at a much faster speed. “Gunboats” were brought to different places for a safe and easy way to kill many coastal residences. New guns were being engineered to be faster and more accurate than every before. Smokeless gunpowder was also invited, which helped conceal the location of the shooter. The Africans were left with discarded old muskets and spears; they did not stand a change against the Europeans.
3. There were various ways of administrating the colonies to benefit the “home country”. Give some examples.
There were many ways in which home countries benefited from their administered colony. For example, a tax would be placed on trade goods entering the colony.
4. How did the presence or absence of white European settlers influence the running of the colony?
The higher presence of white European settlers, the less strict rule the home county had to place on the colony. For example, whites were the majority of people in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, so Britain supported them in electing their own parliament and rule over themselves. When there were a small number of white European settlers, however, the home country would rule with absolute