Essay on Nature Vs. Nurture : Human Development Theories

897 Words 4 Pages
As professional helpers, it is important to have a solid foundation of the various developmental models and theories that undergird the work of human behaviors and experiences (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). In this week’s reading, we were introduced to theoretical perspectives that help to categorize human development models. In this paper, it is my hope to categorize human development theories based on the dichotomies of nature versus nurture, universality versus diversity, qualitative change versus quantitative change, and discontinuity versus continuity in human development and behavior.
Nature Versus Nurture Focused Human Development Theories
Today’s developmental researchers agree that both nature (genetic makeup) and nurture (external environment) are important (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015), while some developmental theories lean more on one side of the spectrum than the the other. For example, Sigmund Freud’s Psychosexual Stages of Development is one of the theories that would be characterized as theory that focuses more on the importance of nature than on nurture. The term “sexual” in psychosexual refers to the biological drive of humans and the need to satisfy these drives (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). The five stages developed by Freud was based on his belief that certain instincts are awakened and must be satisfied at certain stages in one’s life. Although Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory has elements of both nature and nurture, he believed that reasoning and…

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