Myocardial Ischemia Case Study

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Main Question Post: Week 4: Cardiovascular Disorders

Myocardial Ischemia and Acute Coronary Syndrome
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) persists as the principle source of death amongst the men and women globally, and has claimed further breathes yearly in the United States (U.S) than “cancer, chronic lung disease, and accidents” collectively (Dunlay, & Roger, 2012). Myocardial ischemia and acute coronary syndrome originate with the coronary artery disease. According to Huether and McCance (2012), coronary artery disease (CAD) can reduce the myocardial bloodstocks until scarcity ruins myocardial metabolism sufficiently enough to instigate ischemia, an indigenous state whereby the cells are provisional denied of blood supply. A persistent ischemia
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Generally, the risk elements related to cardiovascular disease relates to behavioral, environmental, genetic, and physiologic factors, whilst the modifiable elements includes smoking, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension. It is imperative that the healthcare workforce staffs have adequate knowledge related to the cardiovascular disease with the ability to educate the community at large on the modifiable risk factors to reduce the mortality rate.

References

Dunlay, S. M., & Roger, V. L. (2012). Gender differences in the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and outcomes of ischemic heart failure. Current Heart Failure Reports, 9(4), 267–276. doi:10.1007/s11897-012-0107-7
Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2012). Understanding pathophysiology (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Kones, R. (2011). Primary prevention of coronary heart disease: integration of new data, evolving views, revised goals, and role of rosuvastatin in management. A comprehensive survey. Drug Design, Development and Therapy, 5, 325–380. doi:10.2147/DDDT.S14934

Meagher, E. A. (2014). Addressing cardiovascular disease in women: Focus on dyslipidemia.
Journal of The American Board of Family Medicine, 17(6), 424 - 437. doi:10.3122/jabfm.17.6.424 Nelson, R. H. (2013). Hyperlipidemia as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

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