Mount Merapi Case Study

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Mt Merapi
1.Describe where the event occurred in the world
Mount Merapi was the site first settled by the Minangkabau people, according to legend, after their ship landed on the mountain when it was the size of an egg and surrounded by water. Mount Merapi is the most active stratovolcano and has erupted regularly since 1548. Afterwards, the eruptions occurred on November 1994, June 2006, October 2010 and the most recent November 2013 where Mount Merapi burst smoke up to 2000 meters high. It’s located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia.There are a number of cities and towns that are situated on the mountain such as Yogyakarta city which has a population of 2.4 million.

2.Explain how the disaster occurred by demonstrating
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On October the Indonesian government raised the alert for Mount Merapi to its highest level and warned villagers in threatened areas to move to safer ground. People living within the range of a 20 km zone were told to evacuate. Officials said about 500 volcanic earthquakes had been recorded on the mountain over the weekend of 23–24 October, and that the magma had risen to about 1 kilometre below the surface due to seismic activity. On that afternoon 25th October, Mount Merapi erupted lava from its southern and southeastern slopes. The volcano is now 2930 metres …show more content…
The workshop organized was intended to refresh the facilitators’ knowledge, it was expected that they’d have a consistent understanding when they start working with the community to ensure effective reconstruction program in Merapi. The Java Reconstruction Fund (a trust fund managed by the World Bank for 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake) planned to allocate its remaining 3.5 million dollars to the REKOMPAK project to support Merapi disaster recovery.
The people living next to the river banks reconstructed their own houses with the volcanic material. Some entire communities worked together to build public facilities such as small mosques or village roads On December 2010, the CVGHM lowered the status of Mount Merapi to the level of Caution Alert (Level III). This meant the potential of hot ash clouds remained and a danger zone lowering to 2.5 km radius. On 2012, more than 15 thousand earthquake resistant houses and 1,800 community infrastructure were managed to get rebuild by

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