Essay On Mount Vesuvius

1329 Words 6 Pages
I. Introduction
Mount Vesuvius is the most famous known volcano, possibly of all time. This extremely powerful volcano sits overlooking the ancient city of Pompeii and present day Naples. Its namely recognition is normally dedicated to the eruption in 79 A.D. This eruption was the explosion that destroyed the ancient city of Pompeii in Italy. The last Vesuvius eruption was in 1944 and it is believed that the volcano is due for another eruption in the near future. Vesuvius is the only active volcano in all of mainland Europe. Mount Vesuvius is a stratovolcano or a volcano built up of alternate layers of lava and ash. It is the most famous volcano in the Campanian volcanic arc. This volcanic arc stretches along the Italian coast line clear to
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Mount Vesuvius is located as 40.82 degrees latitude and 14.43 degrees longitude in the Eastern hemisphere. It is found in the country of Italy and can be seen for miles around as it rises 1281 meters into the air. The Volcano can be found in the skyline in central southern Italy. It can be seen from the coastline of western Italy along the Tyrrhenian Sea. The city of Naples lies directly below the mountainous volcano and therefor is put in constant danger of any eruptions. Before the 74 A.D. eruption, Mount Vesuvius towered five miles above the ancient city of
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eruptions began and they didn’t stop until the 26th of August. An estimation shows that the column of ash rose nearly 20 miles into the air. Nearly 1 cubic mile of ash was emitted from Mount Vesuvius in approximately 19 hours. Nearly ten feet of tephra buried Pompeii. Herculaneum which was located on the slope of the mountain was covered in seventy-five feet of ash after the first phase of the eruption. This was the plinian stage in which no lava flows actually occurred. This is how it is known that the people of Pompeii were not killed due to extreme temperature in lava, but rather suffocated by ash. Mount Vesuvius had killed 2,000 people alone in Pompeii, but the death toll of Herculaneum was never totaled. Bodies in the cities surrounding the large mountain were what they consider to be “frozen in time.” A mold composed of pumice and ash fell around these bodies and hardened, preserving the shape of the body. It is estimated that nearly 10,000 people lost their lives during the 74

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