Motivation and Reward Systems Motivation and reward systems are two very important concepts in an organization that managers should understand. Employees that are positively motivated will have higher levels of productivity; whereas employees with lower levels of motivation and job satisfaction may produce less. “Motivation can be achieved through various means, including equality, positive reinforcement, discipline and punishment among others” (Smith, 2010). Managers should be aware of their employees’ needs in order to fulfill them. There are some motivational theories that can help managers identify needs and how to motivate their employees effectively. Some of these motivational theories are based on employee drives, others are
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A person that is achievement motivated will usually take personal responsibility for the final solution of a problem, is a goal-oriented person, it desires concrete feedback, has a high energy level, and always wants to pursue something that has at least a little risk. An affiliation motivated person wants to be liked by others and therefore tries to establish good relationships with people. A power motivated person is interested in acquiring control and influence over other people and he or she only competes with people that can be beat. Managers should understand the difference between the motivational drives and how to identify the strongest drive in their employees. Identifying the strongest drive will help the manager better deal with the employees’ needs, attitudes, and behavior.
A manager should have an understanding of their employees’ needs. Humans have many needs and they can be classified as primary and secondary needs. Primary needs are basic physical needs and secondary needs are social and psychological needs. Maslow developed a theory about human needs and how they are satisfied. Maslow says that once the primary needs have been met, the focus will shift onto the secondary needs. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs places focus on five levels: (starting from lowest level) physiological needs, safety and security needs, social needs, esteem needs, and