Motion Picture History Essay

954 Words Mar 4th, 2002 4 Pages
Before World War I, films were being made mostly European countries and in Japan. When the war interrupted European filmmaking, however, the American film industry began to dominate the world market. In the years between 1917 and 1927 the silent film reached the peak of its development. United States had the largest film industry and American films dominated the international market. Germany and Japan still had some movie industries but mostly left to domestic. Many nations found film production as a matter of importance to national culture, sometimes by limiting on film imports. D. W. Griffith transformed early day of domestic production to an era of Hollywood's worldwide dominance. Major companies that dominated Hollywood were Fox, …show more content…
Some stars, seeking freedom from the mass-production methods of large studios, banded together to form distributing companies to market films they made in their own studios. United Artists, formed in 1919 by Griffith, Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, and Mary Pickford, became known for its high standards. The production of films gained momentum once more in most European countries near the end 1920s, the most innovative and influential new filmmakers where in Germany, Scandinavia, and the Soviet Union. Germany's films were based on history, literature, and mythology. The enormous production facilities of the government enabled most films to be made indoors. Innovators at the large German studios also created new techniques in lighting and staging. In contrast with the Germans, Soviet filmmakers preferred natural settings and used the Russian people as cast members. From the start, Soviet films were closely related to the propaganda efforts of the Communist regime, and film was recognized by Premier Nikolai Lenin as the best way to reach the people. From the time of the first motion pictures many people tried to synchronize phonograph records with films without success. Some theaters used machines to emit sound effects behind the screen; others hired actors to read aloud during the film. Pianists and organists, who tried to match their selections to the mood and pace of the action on the screen, provided musical accompaniments. Full orchestras in

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