Essay on Moral Dilemmas And Moral Reasoning
Chapter 9 of the text outlines several major schools of thought regarding moral reasoning. In this exercise, you are to read the scenario provided and then, in several sentences trace the thinking to a solution that reflects each of the three types of moral reasoning provided under the scenario. You are just theorizing in order to show that you understand the moral reasoning behind each category. In addition to suggesting the solution that would be presented in each case, also suggest any strengths and/or weaknesses you see with each approach. An example is done for you.
Remember: do not necessarily write what YOU would do – but rather what a person who follows each of the below belief systems would do in each scenario.
Scenario #1: You are celebrating with a number of families on a yacht that begins to sink. There are only enough lifeboats to save half of the people on the yacht. What should you do?
Rights-based ethics: (Sample Answer) This person would have to decide which “right” is most valued. Unfortunately, this is not always clear; perhaps the “right” to make ones own decision is a place to start – allowing people to opt not to take a lifeboat spot. Of course, if everyone still wants a spot, then the “rights-based” person would have start ranking who has the greatest “right” to the lifeboat. Clearly, rights-based ethics would stumble in this scenario, showing a major weakness to the system: what is the basis for deciding what…