Modern Turkey : Historiographical Analysis Of The Ideology Of Mustafa Kemal

2119 Words Apr 28th, 2016 9 Pages
Disciplining Modern Turkey: Historiographical analysis of the Ideology of Mustafa Kemal “Atatürk”
The longevity of the Ottoman Empire is undeniable. From its beginnings in 1299 to its end in 1922 the Ottomans were one of the world’s longest functioning empires, with its geography reaching to large parts of Africa, Asia, and Arabia. Though the Ottoman’s lasted seven centuries, the empire was in an increasing state of tortuous decline beginning in the sixteenth century. This decline was inflicted by outside influence from the other existing empires that hailed from the other side of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. The Europeans and Russians used the Ottoman invented capitulations as their instrument through which they gained control of the vast empire.
The Ottoman Empire experienced many deathblows as they were clutching to contain the fading glimmer of control they had or perceived they had of the empire, this is due to internal and external problems. One of the many internal problems included the entrance a political movement by the Young Turks, a who that seized power from the absolutist Sultan and turned the government into a military dictatorship. The external problems were rooted in the growth of the foreign empires, which had expansionist mindsets eventually leading to the outbreak of war.
As the Ottomans were struggling for breath, the Great War occurred. The new government under the revolutionist Young Turks brought the Ottoman Empire into the camp of the…

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