Essay on Models Of Public Policy Formation
November 7, 2015
Models of Public Policy Formation
When Colorado and Washington legalized the use of marijuana, passage of the legislation had to go through several policy framework models. Some of the basic models of policy framework that may explain the legislative results include the Interest Group Theory, Institutional Rational Choice, Advocacy Coalition, Social Construction and Multiple Stream frameworks. This paper will describe the steps, processes and reasoning on why Colorado and Washington legalized the use of marijuana. The paper will also address which model had the greatest and least influential effect on the passage of the legislation. First, we need to understand what each theory is.
Interest Group Theory Being comparatively neutral as to values and explaining the process is an advantage of the interest group theory. The interest group theory has many different groups competing to control government policy and conflicting interests balancing out each other to provide good government. Tenets of the interest group theory include managing group conflict by establishing the rules of the game, arranging compromises, enacting the deals into law, and enforcing and adjudicating the laws (https://www.utoledo.edu/llss/pspa/faculty/DAVIS/IGelite.htm).
Institutional Rational Choice Examines how institutions provide specific information about the gains and losses available to…