Essay about Microbiology Lab Report

2514 Words Sep 13th, 2011 11 Pages
1. Title: The Process of Determining the Unknown Bacteria #9 Rachel Judecki July 5, 2011

2. Introduction: Each student was given unknown bacteria and was instructed to perform a variety of experimental tests that would help to identify their bacteria. During the process of identification, the unknown bacteria was added to many different testing medias using aseptic technique. They are as follows: lactose fermentation on eosin methylene blue (EMB), TSI (Triple Sugar Iron agar), Phenol red sucrose, the SIM test, H2S by SIM, IMViC (indole, motility, voges-proskauer, and citrate), Urease (urea broth), PDase (Phenylalanine Deaminase), Lysine Decarboxylase, and Ornithine Decarboxylase. Colonial morphology on EMB was used to
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Methyl Red (MR) and Voges-Proskauer (VP) broth is used as a part of the IMViC tests as the medium in which both the Methyl Red and Voges-Proskauer tests can be performed. It is a simple broth that contains peptone, buffers, and dextrose or glucose. To perform these tests a loop full of the bacteria is added to the broth and incubated. Methyl red is a dye that is acid-sensitive. It turns yellow at a pH above 4.5 and when the pH is below 4.5 it turns red. The Methyl Red test involves adding the pH indicator methyl red to an inoculated tube of MR-VP broth. If the organism uses the mixed acid fermentation pathway and produces stable acidic end-products, the acids will overcome the buffers in the medium and produce an acidic environment in the medium. When methyl red is added, if acidic end products are present, the methyl red will stay red. The VP test detects organisms that utilize the butylene glycol pathway and produce acetoin. When the VP reagents are added to MR-VP broth that has been inoculated with an organism that uses the butylene glycol pathway, the acetoin end product is oxidized in the presence of potassium hydroxide (KOH) to diacetyl. Creatine is also present in the reagent as a catalyst. Diacetyl then reacts to produce a red color. Therefore, red is a positive result. If, after the reagents have been added, a copper color is present, the result is negative. Neither of these tests were performed during this experiment. The test

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