Metropolitan Museum Of Art Analysis

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Starting from the year 1870s, the significant art museums in the United States had established. The representative museums are Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York (1870), Museum of Fine Arts in Boston (1876), and Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art (1876; Philadelphia Museum of Art at present) (Latham & Simmons, 2014). The most important factor that brought into the changes and developments of the museum inside the United States was the change of the economic structure due to the American Civil War (1861 - 1865).
After the war, the urban life was emerged due to the rapid developed industry. A manufacturing was developed a surge in demand of war materials during the war, and industrialists accumulated a fabulous wealth. The social
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Looking at the composition of the board for Metropolitan Museum of Art, they were a self-made industrialist class—businessmen, bankers, and merchants of the city. They were the reformer class with progressive mindset, and the class belonged to the New York Historical Society, the Manhattan club, the Century club, and the Union League Club after the American Civil War (Tomkins Calvin, 1989, 117; Howe Winifred, 1914, p103). The four fifths of the member were belonging to the Century Club, and two thirds were belonging to the Union League (McCarthy, 1991, p117). These people who dreamed about the liberal social reform considered that art museums and schools would be able to contribute to control the confusion of society and community such as the labor movement in American society, ethnic rebellion, and countless immigrants being threat to the social order of the city in the …show more content…
Looking at the purpose of establishment, it was emphasized on the harmony of American Compromise, that is both professional and public awareness of the objectives. On 13th of April in 1870 when the New York Legislature was legally justified in the name of the establishment of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the purpose of establishment of the museum was as follows:
“(The Art Museum is) to be located in the City of New York, for the purpose of establishing and maintaining in said city a museum and library of art, and of encouraging and developing the study of the fine arts, and the application of arts to manufacture and practical life, of advancing the general knowledge of kindred subjects, and, to that end, of furnishing popular instruction and recreation (Howe Winifred, 1914,

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