Medication errors can seriously affect patient safety and treatment costs and result in hazards for patients and their families. Giving medicine is probably one of the most critical duties of nurses since the resulting errors may have unintended, serious consequences for the patient. Medication errors can lead to adverse outcomes such as increased mortality, increased duration of hospitalization, and increased medical expenses. Although medication errors can be caused by all members of health care team, nursing medication errors are the most common because nurses execute the majority of medical orders and spend about a lot of their time in the hospital to administering medications. Medication errors are a serious problem in nursing. In the course, I have learned that to avoid medication errors the nurse must abid by the rights of medication administration. The rights of medication administration are : right patient. To ensure that the nurse has the right patient the nurse must check the name on the order and the patient, use 2 identifiers to identify patient (name and date of birth), ask the patient to identify himself/herself and when available, use technology such as the bar-code system.
Right medication. The be be sure the patient recieves the right medication the nurse should check the medication label and compare it to the …show more content…
The nurse should confirm the rationale for the ordered medication and should be aware of the patient's pastmeical history. Also, the nurse should know why is the patient taking this medication.
Also, Before drug administration the nurse should assess the patient for allergies and teach the patient about the medication (how the drug will help the patient and the expected adverse effects of the medication), and ask for the client to comply to the medication, the patient has the right to refuse medication (the nurse should document patient refusal of medication). After medication administration the nurse should monitor the patient to make sure that the drug led to the desired effect. Also,The nurse should document the monitoring of the patient and any other nursing interventions that are