Essay on Marxist Approach On Social Class

2351 Words May 10th, 2016 10 Pages
Marxism believed that our society was in a state of continual conflict between the working class and upper class, this essay will assess the Marxist approach on social class a theory stemmed from the works of Karl Marx, that believes our society to be in a state of constant struggle between the ruling class (bourgeoisie) and the working class (proletariat). Within society, according to social stratification people are placed in particular divisions based on a system of hierarchy. This has dominated Western society in particular for generations, dividing into three classes; upper, middle and lower class. However, Marxism predominantly focuses on two the ruling class and the working class - as aforementioned above. Those who fall into the ruling class are said to be more likely to receive a better education and healthcare facilities. It is this inequality between social class that Marxist theory broadly focuses on. Stratification is a shape of nobility, a person reaps rewards in accordance to how successful they are in wealth. Marxism points out the inequality of division in modern society and questions its necessity. In order to better assess Marxism’s social class theory, I will include a cross-examination with alternative perspectives including Functionalism and Weberianism.

Marxism places blame on Capitalism for this division between classes. Marx did not just criticize Capitalism he strongly wanted to act on it and start a movement against it, even after his death, he…

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