Marxism And Marx's Theory Of Historical Materialism

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Marx uses his theory of historical materialism to justify his idea that class systems lead to conflict. “Historical materialism” is an approach to the study human beings that understands economic conditions as the real drivers of the development of human society. Society changes as the economy changes. As Marx states, "the previous feudal or guild organization of history…now no longer sufficed for the growing wants of the new markets”1. Therefore, a new class system can be formed as people use their own resources and skills to succeed in a changed economy. Human-beings are makers, and society is centered around the production of wealth and materials. Marx believes that philosophers should be concentrating on economic conditions to understand …show more content…
Omid Payrow Shabani and Monique Deveaux (Don Mills: Oxford University Press, 2014), p. 238

the current state of the proletariat. Much like other lower-classes in the past, “the victory of the proletariat [is] equally inevitable”5. However, Marx believes that a Communist society will rise from the ashes of capitalism. Through revolution, the proletarians will gain the power to avoid the mistakes that the bourgeoisie made. They will not want to build a class-system that will continue to suppress humanity’s natural creativity and productivity. Therefore, for society to move forward after a proletarian revolution, a socialist government will likely be founded. Bourgeoisie-owned property will likely be destroyed, and the new rulers will encourage the idea of public ownership and wealth. Everyone is equally liable to labour, and everyone will be able to receive the resources needed to survive. Eventually, society will become truly Communist, and citizens will be free to create their own careers without fear of starvation or oppression. The practice of naming opposing classes that can all be generalized “as oppressor and oppressed”1, will finally be a practice lost to

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