Hobbes's Leviathan And Marx And The Ideal Society

722 Words 3 Pages
Although Hobbes, in his work “Leviathan,” and Marx, in his work “Manifesto of the Communist Party,” both discuss conflict¬¬¬— they differ about the ideal society, the main source of conflict, and the use of conflict generally.
Many philosophers have differing views when it comes to the topic of an ideal society; Hobbes and Marx are no different. While Hobbes believes humans should seek to achieve a peaceful society free from conflict, Marx states that the ideal society is a society free from class. Marx believes history has a path that calls for a communist, a classless, society (p. 490)—meaning, humans have gone through various types of economic systems such as industrialism and feudalism. Therefore, as soon as a new system comes about, the old system is abandoned. An example how, farm workers transitioned from feudalism to industrialization, shows: once farmers figured out there were better opportunities in the cities, they left the countryside and moved to the cities. The workers abandoned their previous jobs which meant that the feudal lords, owners of the land, couldn’t successfully continue the old system of feudalism. Marx believes capitalism will eventually cease to exist, and another system will rise to replace it. Hobbes, who
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Marx believes that conflict is necessary (p. 500). He further explains those in the bottom of the capitalist society should unite to over throw the exploitative system of capitalism in order to achieve the ideal classless society. He states without conflict the bourgeoisie, top of the economic class, will not willingly give up their power. While Hobbes argues life is better with no conflict, therefore, even if the sovereign is unjust life without a sovereign is much worse (p. 17). Hence, Hobbes believes there is no need to use conflict against the sovereign or in general because the result of conflict is much too

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