Mao Zedong Essay

1757 Words Dec 17th, 2010 8 Pages
Mao’s approach to political leadership as a revolutionary was summed up in the phrase, “Correct leadership must come from the masses and go to the masses.” What was Mao’s philosophy of how to lead a revolution, before and after 1949?

Initially a radical revolutionary then a committed Marxist, Mao’s philosophy on how to lead a revolution was bathed in Nationalism. It is Mao’s love for China’s independence coupled with agrarian reforms that put Mao on the road to power. After 1949, Nationalism would reappear in Mao’s cultural policies, his relationship with Moscow and underdeveloped countries.

Mao feared nothing and no one. Using Marxism-Leninism as a framework, Mao proposed the use of peasants to create his revolutionary elite. His
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The country was weak and divided. China in the 1910s and 1920s was in trouble. Politically, economically and socially, it was on the verge of utter collapse – or at least appeared to be so (Cheek, 2). China’s major problems were reunification and expulsion of foreign occupiers. China failed miserably in its attempt to turn a dynastic empire into a nation-state run as a constitutional republic. Socially, the links between scholars and the state and between scholarly-gentry families and farming communities had been broken, leaving the government to fools and villains and the rural order to thugs (Cheek, 7).

When China’s first warlord, Yuan Shikai forced Nationalist party leader, Yat-sen to quickly retire, China fell into what Mao describes as a semi-feudal, semi-colonial conditions controlled by a motley crew of militarists and foreign powers (Cheek, 9).

As a young man, Mao embraced Nationalism. His love for the peasants and poor who resided in rural China directed many of Mao’s actions. In the 1930s, Mao was engaged in constant warfare - defending his rural “people’s soviet” from local bandits or from the government troops of the GMD, and later resisting the Japanese invasion of China (Cheek, 29).
Mao ingested essays and magazines written by the New Cultural Movement especially works penned by Liang Qichao. Chen Duxiu’s radical New Youth journal was a

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