Machiavelli And Hobbes's Theory Of Political Power

1526 Words 6 Pages
The methods of controlling a society and maintaining political order differ from person to person. Thinkers Machiavelli and Hobbes both discovered their own political theory where they discuss how to generate rules and structures towards the civil war like situation. In both Machiavelli and Hobbes’ writings, they consider the topic of political power and share agreements and disagreements in their methods and approaches. Machiavelli in The Prince demonstrates how he observed and practiced normal politics and negotiation (Machiavelli, 2006), while Hobbes in The Leviathan demonstrates how he is a philosopher seeking support in assembling scientific groundwork for the social contract (Hobbes, 2009). Meanwhile, Machiavelli (2006) states that a …show more content…
Here, he demonstrates that his theory “seeks to examine the dynamics of political power in a naturalistic and realistic sense.” (Hillier, 2015). Machiavelli’s concept of political power enforces the idea of establishing an arbitrary ruler who is an authoritarian king (Machiavelli, 2006) in which he must present new laws where the society must devote their lives to (Hillier, 2015). Machiavelli argues the example of Cesare Borgia of a model prince because he did everything while he was in power well (Machiavelli, 2006), which will be discussed in further detail. Some of Machiavelli’s advice for a good ruler was to think rationally about going forward with the perfect way that your aims need to be achieved, it is better not to be feared, but to be loved, “violence is power,” do not appear vicious and also don’t allow someone else take it into their hands, stealing is prohibited but killing is allowed, and in order to keep rules and peace within a society cruelty is acceptable (Hillier, 2015). All of which Borgia followed. Machiavelli (2006) also followed along with his advice some ethics, as he does not allow cruel, harsh rulers towards the property of woman and their materials, a ruler can viciously murder but he cannot steal. Machiavelli (2006) also put forward that in order for increasing power, political power is …show more content…
As I do have an opinion on both Machiavelli and Hobbes approaches to political power, I will discuss my opinion of the application of their methods and theories to today’s society first. Machiavelli’s idea of creating a ruler of the state in which he must bring forward new laws to the state in which the society must devote their lives to (Hillier, 2015) is true in my perspective. There are multiple countries that come to mind, other than Canada and the United States of America, who possess a leader in which enforces laws for the individuals of the society to all follow. One subject that I cannot agree with Machiavelli on is the use of direct violence to bring upon fear to create peace and order within the society. I can interpret, though, that multiple governments enforce fear into their citizens by telling them that there will be serious consequences for their actions. The idea that governments are currently using in the justice system could possibly be in relation and an interpretation of Machiavelli’s initial idea. Also, looking into Hobbes’ perspective, he also had the idea of fear driving individuals to peace (Hillier, 2015). This could also be a part of the interpretation that today’s governments had of not only Machiavelli’s concept, but

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