Living With Dementi An Overview On The Social, Emotional, Physical And Mental Health Of Carers

1021 Words Oct 9th, 2015 null Page
1.3 Dementia caregiving
Informal caregiving or caring is a term often used to describe as someone provides care to a relative or friend who is unable to provide care for themselves in everyday activities (Pearlin, Mullan, Semple, & Skaff, 1990). Two thirds of people with dementia live in the community and receive care from family members, friends or neighbours (Knapp & Prince, 2007). Currently it is estimated that over 670,000 carers of people with dementia live in the UK (Alzheimer’s Society 2013). The input of informal carers of people with dementia has been recognised as an increasingly valuable resource (Wimo et al., 2011). The cost of care of people with dementia is not only financial, it can have a negative impact on the social, emotional, physical and mental health of carers (Kamiya 2014; Mohamed 2010).

1.3.1. Theoretical models of dementia caregiving
There have been numerous theoretical models developed to explain the process of caregiving (Pearlin et al., 1990). One of the most comprehensive and influential models of dementia caregiving is the Stress Process Model (SPM) which was developed by (Pearlin et al., 1990) based on sociological theories of coping with stress. The factors which cause and affects carers stress in this model have been categorised in to background and contextual factors, versus types of caregiver stress, and potential mediating factors such as social support and coping strategies on carer well-being.
Stressors in this model are…

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