Leadership Styles: Autocratic, Consultative, Participative, And Free-Rein

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There are four main forms of leadership: autocratic, consultative, participative, and free-rein. The overall goal of all of them is to persuade people to move toward a certain goal, (Lamberton & Minor, 2014, p. 160-161). There can be good leaders. There can be bad leaders. The purpose of this paper is to go into details about the pros and cons of all the leadership styles. I will then discuss which leadership style resembles me, my personality, and my profession.
Autocratic leaders are strong minded and refuse to be questioned. They do not answer to anyone. In Self and Identity, the autocratic leader is defined as one who makes decisions disregarding the happiness of the group. They are also said to be the type of leader to persuade by punishment
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This leader wants to talk to the members and get their opinion about different situations before the decision is made. Even though this leader is more open minded and concerned about the groups feelings, he or she still make the decision alone. This leader also feels comfortable telling others what to do, (Lamberton & Minor, 2014, p. 161). This is the most preferred leadership style according to Self and Identity (2013). I believe this leadership style is most preferred because even though this leader makes the decision alone, he or she takes responsibility for the outcomes. No group member wants to be blamed for something the leader decided on their own.
My current nursing manager has this type of leadership style. I love it. She is the best manager I have ever had. There is always weekly meetings about everything that is going on, on the unit and in the entire hospital. My manager always allows us to speak up and give our personal opinion. I do believe she takes into consideration what everyone has to say. If she does make a decision that no one agrees with, she is willing to sit down and explain her rationale for making the decision. I do believe she has the entire nursing unit’s best interest at
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This leader is known to be best when it comes to team building. The reason being is because this leader treats everyone as equals and shares his or her power with the team. There is joint decision making. Now when the team is unable to make a decision, this leader will make the decision solo, (Lamberton & Minor, 2014, p. 161). In, Academy of Management Journal, a study was conducted to decide if a manager giving up power to the employees is really beneficial. The results “showed that employees had high performance only when they perceived their leaders to show consistently high participative leadership (versus low to moderate levels) and high information sharing,” (Lam, Huang, & Chan, 2015, p. 847). The downside to this style is if the leader stops sharing information, and the group becomes aware or feels lied to, the performance decrease. The group stops working as hard, (Lam et al., 2015). I have never dealt with a manager or anyone that shows this form of style. I do not believe sharing power can work. I think when you share power, the group can forget who is in charge. I would not want to be a leader who has to keep reminding everyone who is the boss.
The free-rein leader is also known as the laissez-faire leader. They do not set clear boundaries and are not engage with the workers, (Lamberton & Minor, 2014, p. 161). They allow workers to work at whatever pace they would like. There

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