Nursing Leadership Styles Paper

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Introduction Leadership skills are an important attribute of Advanced Practiced Registered Nurses (APRNs), especially Family Nurse Practitioners. In this role, FNPs may be providing guidance not only to their patients and families, but to co-workers as well. Raftery cites the importance of the nurse practitioner’s personal, clinical, and professional leadership skills in “the community, industry and government” (Raftery, 2015, p. 366).
According to the Leadership Quiz developed by Kendra Cherry (2016), an individual is likely to have characteristics of one Lewin’s leadership styles (Cherry, 2016). Kurt Lewin identified three main leadership styles in 1939, these include: authoritarian, democratic or laissez-faire leader. Cherry’s thirteen-part
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Leadership is an important factor in an “employees’ job satisfaction, retention, and accountability” (Metzger et al, 2014, p. 337). According to Metzger et al (2014), effective leadership “can lead to higher-quality patient care and patient outcomes” (Metzger et al, 2014, p. 337). Crisp states, “as APRNs it is our duty to be leaders in our field…for the well-being of all nurses, patients, and colleagues” (Crisp, 2016, p. 10).
There are many attributes of an effective leader. “Leaders have drive, energy and vision, self-discipline and flexibility, with the ability to assemble a team and motivate others” (Scully, 2014, p.443). Empowerment is also an important attribute in an advanced practice nurse. “Empowerment, which is a fundamental element of APN, can provide needed support, information, and resources to effectively complete NPs’ tasks while also providing a sense of motivation and belonging within the work environment.” (Metzger et al, 2014, p. 338). In addition to these attributes, “good leaders help produce good care, and poor leaders produce poor care; likewise for academic, political and executive fields of nursing” (Scully, 2014,
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Tracy and Hanson (2014) cite that “APNs exercise leadership in four key domains – in clinical practice environments, in the nursing profession, at the systems level, and in the health policy arena” (Tracy, et al., 2014, p. 266). As an APRN, I will expand upon the leadership skills that I have begun to develop in my clinical practice, my nursing profession and at the systems level. As a graduate level nurse, my role will require additional leadership responsibilities. Family Nurse Practitioners (and other APRNs) should be active in health care policy and legislation, especially as it effects advanced nursing practice. “Nurses’ involvement in health policy development ensures that health services are: safe, effective, available and inexpensive” (Shariff, 2013, p.1). This will be an area of leadership that I need to develop, as I have little experience with health policy

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