King Solomon Essay

1730 Words Sep 24th, 1999 7 Pages
King Solomon ruled all of Israel in an outstanding way from 977 to 937 BCE (12). Despite his wealth and power, Solomon is known to history for his wisdom and as the builder of the Temple of Jerusalem. He has been credited with authoring all or parts of three books of the Bible (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon).

King Solomon was the ruler of ancient Israel who reigned from 961-922 BC (8). He is the son of David and Bathsheba. Solomon succeeded his father as king and his territory extended from the Euphrates River to the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt. With his wealth he built the great Temple of Jerusalem. In 950 BCE Solomon's household included 700 wives and 300 other mistresses (1). To insure the
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Copper became the king's principal export and his merchants' main stock in trade. Tyrian seamen were able to help Solomon in building his fleet and in furnishing the skill to operate it. Archeology tends to prove that Phoenician seamen and artisans aided Solomon in building and operating his fleet in the Red Sea, and also believed that Phoenician technicians built the seaport of Ezeion-geber for him.

Solomon must have been doing business with, and competing with the famous Queen of Sheba. Her strenuous journey to Jerusalem by camel, traveling over twelve hundred miles of inhospitable terrain, almost certainly dictated business reasons as well as the pleasure of seeing Solomon and hearing his wisdom (5). The visit must have involved trade treaties, which regulated the fair exchange of the products of Arabia for the products of Palestine, particularly copper. The Queen's visit and conversations with Solomon were evidently highly successful.

On the summit of Mount Moriah, Solomon built the Temple of Jerusalem for God himself. This was originally going to be done by David, but was left for Solomon for reasons described in the Bible. The exclusive concentration of religious ritual in the Temple, together with the institutionalization of the biblical injunction regarding the pilgrimage festivals, transformed Jerusalem - despite its

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