Essay about Kant And Mill 's Theory Of Utilitarianism

1201 Words Oct 23rd, 2016 5 Pages
I chose to get into Aristotle’s head, and examine what his thoughts would be on Kant and Mill’s theories. In a sentence, I think he would say that their theories are a good start, but they miss the big picture. Let’s examine this more in depth now.
As I stated previously, I believe that Aristotle would think that Kant and Mill missed the bigger picture. Why do I say that? Looking at Kant’s duty ethics or Mill’s utilitarian ethics, we see some common themes. Both theories focus on universal principles that can be applied to any situation, and they both use a formula of sorts to do that. Kant’s theory focuses on the law of Categorical Imperative, which he believes is the one law that holds society together on a morality level. This law can then be used as a formula to figure out if your actions are moral by examining your maxim. Mill’s theory of utilitarianism focuses on achieving the most happiness in a situation. His formula involves looking at each action individually, and the resulting happiness or misery from each action. The action providing the most happiness to the most people is the most moral as he believes we should do what is best for all. In contrast, Aristotle doesn’t focus on one situation, he focuses on the sum of our lives. While one could argue that if a person were to always follow Kant or Mill’s guidelines for morality that the end result is life-long morality, and, therefore, in that sense they do account for life as a whole; however, Aristotle would want…

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