Essay about Juvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention Act

1480 Words Nov 28th, 2016 6 Pages
The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act was passed in 1974 and led to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to be established (Khondaker & Lewis, 2006). As the concept of juvenile justice became more apparent, juvenile prevention programs began to be implemented. While juveniles engage in crime for a variety of reasons, in order for treatment to be effective, the influences or cause of the behavior must be addressed. Within the juvenile justice system, changing behaviors and reducing delinquent conduct are some of its biggest challenges (Latessa, 2006). As the prevalence of offending is particularly high during teenage years and early-adulthood, it is critical that juvenile treatment programs are evaluated and demonstrate positive results (Underwood, von Dresner, & Phillips, 2006). In order to reduce recidivism and persistent offending into adulthood, evidence-based interventions must be implemented for juvenile offenders. Although there are various forms of treatment, not all programs are evaluated and shown to demonstrate promising results in terms of reducing recidivism. It is critical that programs are properly designed and implemented in order to eliminate the problem behaviors; programs that are poorly designed and not implemented properly may have alternative effects and may actually continue to influence criminal behaviors (Nissen, 2006). The emergence of evidence-based practices within recent years, promotes the notion that such…

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