Jean Piaget's Theories On Cognitive Development

1591 Words 7 Pages
Imagine, growing up in the late 1800’s; witnessing the forefront of both science and psychology. Although, life seems different back then it was in fact similar to current events today. Scientists of this exciting era were continually making new discoveries, and constructing theories. Without the discoveries of scientists in the beginning of psychology, our world would today would be immensely different. Notably, throughout history many individuals have made amazing contributions to the field of psychology. This paper will study one of those amazing individuals, scientist, Jean Piaget; and his theories on the cognitive development stages.
Jean Piaget was born August 9th, 1896 in Neuchâtel (Switzerland). The oldest child of Arthur Piaget,
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His studies on cognitive development led to several different theories, his observations first begun with his own children, observing their behavior as infants and then their physical changes as they grew (Whitman, A). Piaget determined children develop through distinctive phases which allow them to gain skills and behavior, these phases are expressed through four different stages. Sensorimotor stage age 0-2 years, preoperational stage 2-7 years, concrete operational stage 7-11 years, and formal operational stage 11- beyond years. Each stage refers to a specific age range, that involves achievements in order to progress to the next stage. He argued that cognitive development controlled every other aspect of emotional, social, and moral development (London 1988). Piaget was a pioneer in this field of psychology, his works are still being studied today long after his death in 1980. Piaget’s works give a lot of understanding about the cognitive development. Since Piaget was a pioneer in his field, he wasn’t challenged by other views until much later. Erik Erikson developed a psychosocial development theory that focuses on the entire development in life, rather than just adolescence (Spencer, R). While the two theories are similar in some ways, in other ways they are vastly different. Piaget and Erikson are still compared today …show more content…
During this stage children typically use problem solving skills to perform tasks that require logic. During this stage the child is considered to be less egocentric, unlike the previous stages; the child is able to function without craving as much attention. The concrete operations involves children being able to classify and understand cause and effect relationships, as well as being able to become proficient in mathematics and science (Eggen, P). Finally, the last stage is the formal operations stage; this is from eleven on to adulthood. As adolescents enter this stage they form the ability to think abstractly, in order to think and determine things by a higher power of reasoning (McLeod, S.A). Furthermore, thinking becomes less tied to the child’s reality they are able to think about things without actually experiencing

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