Jatropha Gossypiifolia Case Study

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Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (Euphorbiaceae), widely known as “bellyache bush,” is a medicinal plant largely used throughout Africa and America for treatment of inflammatory analgesic antidiarrheal diseases. In spite of some published data on its efficiency, there are still few toxicological data unfolding the safety of this plant. The plant was extracted with many solvents (pet. ether, ethanol, and water). The preliminary phytochemical outcomes revealed that flavonoids and other glycosides as active constituents in ethanol extract of Jatropha gossypifolia. The ethanol extract of Jatropha gossypifolia was undertaken column chromatography with dissimilar solvent fractions. Two compounds were isolated from ethanol extract of Jatropha gossypifolia …show more content…
The species is instinctive to Mexico, South America, Gujarat State in India and the Caribbean islands. It is a professed noxious weed in Puerto Rico and is established in northern Australia, including Queensland where it is listed as a Class 2 declared pest plant [1, 2]. It cultivates to 2.5–4 m (8.2–13.1 ft) high. The three lobed leaves are purple and gluey when young and develop bright green with age. The small red flowers with yellow middles appear in clusters [3-4]. These are shadowed by cherry-sized seed pods that are poisonous [2]. Powdery mildew fungal disease was recounted [3]. It is a small deciduous shrub with luscious stem, 1-1.5 m tall. Leaves palmately 3-5 lobed, purple; petiole clothed with many stipitate glands. Flowers small, red in terminal corymbose cymes [5-6]. Fruit a capsule, about 1.3 cm across. A decoction of the bark is used as an emmenagogue. The leaves are laxative; applied to boils, carbuncles, eczema and itches. Sap exudates taken from leaf petiole is assorted with syrup and given to cure dysentery. Seeds are severe purgative and emetic, but they are said to cause foolishness [7]. Seed oil is used in skin diseases and as an external restorative in rheumatism and paralytic affections. Consistent brushing with the twigs keeps the teeth and gum disease free and remedies

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