Islam, The World 's Second Largest Religion Essay

752 Words Dec 10th, 2016 4 Pages
Islam, the world 's second-largest religion, is followed by about 1.6 billion people. Islam comes from the Arabic word for peace. Those who follow Islam are called Muslims, which means those who submit to God 's will. The Ummah is the universal Muslim community of faith. Essentially, the goal of Islam is to find peace and tranquility through total submission to God 's will.
Muslims believe in one God, who they call Allah, for it means the almighty, the creator, and the all knowing one. They view God as one tawhid, meaning they believe strictly in one God who is self-sufficient. As with virtually all religions, there are various groups of Muslims. There are Sunni, Shia, and Sufi Muslims. Some of their practices and beliefs differ, but many of the fundamental beliefs and basic doctrines remain the same.
They consider the prophet Muhammad to be the final prophet to come to earth out of approximately 124,000 others. Muhammad was born in Mecca, but fled to Medina in 622 CE, for it became unsafe for him and his followers to practice their religion, this is referred to as the Hijra. Then in 8 A.H Muhammad and his followers made a triumphant return to Mecca. Muhammad 's revelations from Allah began in 610 A.D. These revelations were recorded in the Koran. The Koran is the cornerstone of Islam and is considered an eternal book that was transferred to earth through Muhammad. Muslims accept the teachings of both Moses and Jesus, however, they simply see them as prophets.…

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