Is Stem Cell Research Ethical Essay

2535 Words Aug 21st, 2012 11 Pages
Is Stem Cell Research Ethical?

Reginald Lawrence

Is it ethical for stem cells for the advancement of medical research? In the 1800s it was discovered certain cells could generate other cells. The 1900s brought upon more research in using stem cells. The ethical issue surrounding embryonic stem cells research arises because human embryos are destroyed in the process. I believe that the benefits outweigh the negatives and that a greater good can come out of using embryonic stem cells.
The treatment of diseases and illnesses continually grows and improves. Embryonic stem cells have the potential to help rectify or even cure disease and illnesses that are thought to be incurable. However, the ethical battle over the sanctity of life
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Cells can be extracted from the embryo and are then differentiated into any cell the scientist wishes.
What does this mean for the future of medicine? Researchers believe that these differentiated cells can replace skin cells for burn victims, create new organs, or regenerate heart or brain tissue. Research in using stem cells is needed because of the risk of rejection of the new cells. Rejection is when the body is not able to recognize the new cells from the donor cells and attacks them.
Despite the benefits from using embryonic stem cells, the debate over using human embryos arises. When an egg cell is fertilized it divides and becomes an embryo an embryo then develops into a fetus. There are four ways scientists get embryos. The first way is through in vitro fertilization. In vitro fertilization is when a sperm and egg are fertilized in a culture disk. The fertilized egg is developed and becomes and an embryo. The embryo is then implanted into a women’s uterus. During this process more embryos are created than needed and are usually frozen for later use. If the embryos are not needed they are donated for stem cell research.
A second way is through the use of aborted fetuses. However, this method creates several issues in and of itself with controversy over abortion. Individual states have various laws restricting or banning the

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