Iraq's Operation Desert Shield

Improved Essays
Objective: To briefly describe the justifications of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait and the methods used by the United States, the United Nations and Coalition Partner Nations to force his withdraw. This paper touches on the buildup of military forces and their actions known as Operation Desert Shield, and the ultimate use of force known as Operation Desert Storm.
Key words: Iraq, Kuwait, United States, Saddam Hussein, George H. W. Bush, Dick Cheney, H. Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., G-Day.

On 2 AUG 1990, the Republic of the Iraq invaded the Emirate of Kuwait. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion of Kuwait in response to Iraq’s perceived Kuwaiti actions to drive down the price of crude oil and Kuwaiti cash loans to Iraq. Saddam Hussein’s Seizure of Kuwait resulted in Iraq accumulating over 20% of the world’s current crude oil production. Iraq at the time possessed the 4th largest military force in the world of over one million soldier, including the Iraq Republican Guard, considered to be Iraq’s most elite fighting force. Iraq’s military was comprised of
…show more content…
The number of Iraqi military prisoners surrendered faster than Central Command could count them, but was estimated that the total exceeded 30,000. After the decimation of the Iraqi Army, an official ceasefire went into effect on 28 February 1991. ARCENT divisions faced the remnants of what was incorrectly assumed to be formidable Iraqi force. Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait ultimately cost him 3,847 of his 4,280 tanks, more than half of his 2,880 armored personnel carriers, and nearly all of his 3,100 artillery pieces. Saddam Hussein and his military was driven from Kuwait and the ultimate goal of Kuwaiti liberation was secured. President Bush, the United Nations and coalition partners celebrated the victory of one of the most effective and lopsided conflicts in modern

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Operation Desert Shield. August 7, 1990, this is the day that President George H. Bush ordered Operation Desert Shield. This Operation ordered American troops to join in an international coaltition in the war against Iraq in an Operation called Desert Storm in January of 1991. To support Operation Desert Shield Bush Authorized a dramatic increase in resources in the Persian Gulf region. This is the Operation that implemented the U.S. forces into the Presian Gulf War. Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein…

    • 197 Words
    • 1 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Gulf War, also known under the code name of Operation Desert Storm, is the effort of a war waged by coalition forces from thirty four nations led by the United States in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait. The 1990s event sparkles the long lasting tension following a history of friction between Iraq and the United States in the modern chapter of the world history. According to statistical data reported by CNN, the U.S. Department of Defense has estimated the cost of the Gulf…

    • 747 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Operation Desert Storm was a significant part of an major conflict between the U.S. and Iraq known as the Gulf War. In August of 1990, Iraqi forces invaded the country Kuwait. This was over border disputes and war debts obtained by Iraq. The United States was worried that Iraq would then invade neighboring Saudi Arabia, one of the largest manufactures of oil in the world. The invasion marked the start of the Gulf War and the U.S. became involved immediately following the invasion. They sent troops…

    • 643 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays