Globalization has forced an environment of tight resources and new challenges in which dynamic companies are exploring and creating new capabilities and opportunities overseas. Large international organizations are increasingly turning to organizational development practices to solve problems of inefficiency. However, they often face challenges when operating in the international context, especially when difficulties arise when companies combining international business, organization development and inter-cultural communication, fail to address the complexity and agility needed in today’s global business arena.
This paper will attempt to assess the strategies organizational development (OD) consultants can use to design and implement
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(1) Jaeger, (5) also suggested that when deciding to practice a specific OD technique, consideration should always be given to the cultural context; interventions that clash least with the deepest values of a culture should always be chosen. In addition to the organizations cultural contexts, a country’s industrial and economic stage of development will also have a critical effect on the success of a planned change. A country’s economic development can be assessed from a number or social, economic and political indicators. (9) The economic development of a nation will influence an organization’s management project planning and organizing capabilities and the prevailing economic situation will strongly influence the type of intervention chosen by OD practitioners. (1) In subsistence economies such as Bangladesh and Nepal, where there is a low level of economic development and most societies are agrarian based, OD interventions in organizations that operate there will often tend to emphasize elements of social change and focus on creating conditions for sustainable social and economic growth. (6) Industrializing / Emerging economies such as China and the UAE have a moderate level of economic development and their economies are focused around the manufacturing sectors. Organizations operating in such countries tend to focus