International Laws And Agreements Consider Child Marriage A Violation Of Human Rights

716 Words Sep 27th, 2016 3 Pages
Several international laws and agreements consider child marriage a violation of human rights and should be eliminated from both regional and international level.
First, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot, Paris. The Article 16(2) of the UDHR states that ‘Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses’, and the persons involved must be at ‘full age’(Assembly, 1948).
Second, the United Nations declared Convention on Rights of the Child is an international treaty to protect the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. It defines “children” as any person below the age of 18, unless the laws of particular countries set the legal age for younger age. The UN General Assembly firstly adopted this Convention on 20th November in 1989, said in Article 19 (Protection from all forms of violence): ‘Children have the right to be protected from being hurt and mistreated, physically or mentally. Governments should make sure that children are properly cared for and prevent them from violence, abuse and neglect by their parents, or anyone else who looks after them’ (Akilapa and Simkiss, 2012), in Article 34 (Sexual exploitation): ‘Governments should protect children from all forms of sexual exploitation and abuse’ (Unicef, 1989). And then the Optional Protocol extends the content of this…

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