Inflence of Parental Monitoring on Adolescent Decision Making

9468 Words Feb 9th, 2011 38 Pages
Adolescents, who are neither children nor adults, stand with a foot in each world (childhood and adulthood). Their intellectual and emotional development is greater than that of young children, yet they are not fully mature. By age 14, their basic cognitive skills are substantially similar to what they will be in adulthood, although they lack the experience of adults. They are likely to have a well-developed set of preferences and a set of moral values.
Risk taking is a natural part of teenagers' lives. They need to take some risks in order to grow, trying new activities, generating new ideas, experimenting with new roles. However, they can also get into trouble with their risk taking when it involves behaviors such as
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As the epidemiological data suggest, some decisions and choices made during the adolescent years can set the stage for subsequent SUDs.

Previous Research Findings
Researchers over the past fifteen years have sought to explore the nature of parents’ involvement in their children’s education at home and at school in order to establish effective policies for family-school programs and practices. The findings challenged commonly held assumptions about the effects of social background on the levels and effectiveness of family-school partnerships. A number of research studies show that parental involvement in children’s learning activities positively influences their levels of achievement and motivation to learn (Epstein, 1992). Other studies confirm that families of higher socioeconomic background and higher levels of education have higher and more effective levels of parental involvement (Lareau, 1987; Baker & Stevenson, 1986; Useem, (1982). Families from different social class and race/ethnic backgrounds also engage in different types of parental involvement which have varying effects on students’ achievement and well being (Schneider& Coleman, 1995).
A second line of research points to the importance of school practices in involving all families and helping students succeed in

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