Inductive Reasoning Vs. Deductive Reasoning Essay

1426 Words Jul 22nd, 2016 6 Pages
Reading Assignment One

Inductive and deductive reasoning are two different processes that are used in order to solve problems. Both inductive and deductive reasoning have different methods of getting to a conclusion however when solving a problem often both processes are incorporated. Two different reading from Christopher Alexander and Ian L Mcharg help show the differences between Inductive and deductive reasoning.

Question one

Inductive reasoning is solution focused where there are many ideas that are proposed and tested to find the best, most valid conclusion. Inductive reasoning allows for the possibility that the conclusion is false even if all of the premises are true instead of being valid or invalid. There can be many different solutions that can make a conclusion more true. Whilst deductive is more based around facts and research inductive reasoning is based around opinion, for example “that restaurant has the best pizza.” Conclusion strength often depends on the strength of the premises. In reading two, Christopher Alexander uses inductive reasoning to come to a conclusion. Alexander prefers to move in small steps for problems such as designing a house. Alexander writes “large scale trial and error shots in the dark simple do not work (Alexander 2002).” There are however lots of ideas brought up for each step. “Of the 100 possible choices, there may easily be as many as 90 or 95 next steps which will make the thing worse.” Each one of the possible choices is…

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